RGWR V8, B2: Revolution and Civil War

David Schimmelpenninck van der Oye et al

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Product Overview

Historians devote a great deal of attention to the diplomacy that led Russia into the Great War, but have tended to neglect the course of this diplomacy once the fighting erupted. This volume addresses that lacuna with a broad range of essays examining the foreign relations of the empire, as well as its republican and early Soviet successors, from the July 1914 Crisis to the end of the Civil War in 1922. Written by distinguished and emerging scholars from North America, Europe, Russia, and Japan, the essays make abundant use of Russian archival collections, largely inaccessible until the 1990s, to reassess the conjectures and conclusions previously drawn from other sources. While some chapters focus on traditional “diplomatic” history, others adopt new “international history” by placing Russia’s relations with the world in their social, intellectual, economic, and cultural contexts. Arranged in roughly chronological order, the first volume covers the late imperial period, from 1914 through mid-1916, while the second proceeds through the revolutions of 1917 and the Civil War, up to the end of that conflict in 1922. Together, these books’ comments should foster a renewed appreciation for international relations as a central element of Russia’s Great War and Revolution.


Table of Contents


Michael Hughes, From the February Revolution to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

Norman E. Saul, The United States and Russia in the Turmoil of War and Revolution, 1914–18

Liudmila Sultanovna Gatagova, The Global War in Russian Patriotic Literature, 1914–15

Thomas Bürgisser, Flight to Neutral Territory: Escaped Russian POWs and Deserters in Switzerland

Marina Soroka, Family Networks in a Divided Europe: The Case of the Benckendorff Family

John W. Steinberg, The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk: The Wilsonian Moment before Wilson

Oleg Budnitskii, The Diplomacy of the “Second Russia,” 1918–22

Alastair Kocho-Williams, The Persistence of Tsarist Diplomacy after the Russian Revolution

Anatol Shmelev, Foreign Minister Redux: Sergei Dmitrievich Sazonov and White Diplomacy in Paris, 1918–20

Dinah Jansen, Wilsonian Principles and the Defense of Russian Territory at Versailles, 1919

Charlotte Alston, International Intervention in Russia’s Civil War: Policies, Experiences, and Justifications

Shūsuke Takahara, Woodrow Wilson’s Intervention in North Russia and Siberia

Oleksa Drachewych, The Bolsheviks’ Revolutionary International: The Idea and Establishment of the Communist International, 1914–22

Daniel C. Waugh, Britain Confronts the Bolsheviks in Central Asia: Great Game Myths and Local Realities

Taline Ter-Minassian, From the Transcaspian to the Caucasus: Reginald Teague Jones’s Secret War (1918–21)

Yulia Yurievna Khmelevskaya, “A la Guerre Comme à la Guerre”: America’s Battle with Hunger in Soviet Russia (1921–23)

Anthony J. Heywood, Russian and Soviet Foreign Trade, 1914–28: Rethinking the Initial Impact of the Bolshevik Revolution