Volume 8: Russian International Relations in War and Revolution, 1914–22. Book 2: Revolution and Civil War

David Schimmelpenninck van der Oye et al. (eds.)
xi + 415

Historians devote a great deal of attention to the diplomacy that led Russia into the Great War, but have tended to neglect the course of this diplomacy once the fighting erupted. This volume addresses that lacuna with a broad range of essays examining the foreign relations of the empire, as well as its republican and early Soviet successors, from the July 1914 Crisis to the end of the Civil War in 1922.

Written by distinguished and emerging scholars from North America, Europe, Russia, and Japan, the essays make abundant use of Russian archival collections, largely inaccessible until the 1990s, to reassess the conjectures and conclusions previously drawn from other sources. While some chapters focus on traditional “diplomatic” history, others adopt new “international history” by placing Russia’s relations with the world in their social, intellectual, economic, and cultural contexts.

Arranged in roughly chronological order, the first volume covers the late imperial period, from 1914 through mid-1916, while the second proceeds through the revolutions of 1917 and the Civil War, up to the end of that conflict in 1922. Together, these books’ comments should foster a renewed appreciation for international relations as a central element of Russia’s Great War and Revolution.


List of Illustrations     x

From the Series Editors     xi

Revolution (1917)

Michael Hughes
From the February Revolution to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk        3

Norman E. Saul
The United States and Russia in the Turmoil of War and Revolution, 1914–18        37

Liudmila Sultanovna Gatagova
The Global War in Russian Patriotic Literature, 1914–15       69

Thomas Bürgisser
Flight to Neutral Territory: Escaped Russian POWs and Deserters in Switzerland     87

Marina Soroka
Family Networks in a Divided Europe: The Case of the Benckendorff Family       111

John W. Steinberg
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk:
The Wilsonian Moment before Wilson       135

Civil War (1918-22)

Oleg Budnitskii
The Diplomacy of the “Second Russia,” 1918–22       167

Alastair Kocho-Williams
The Persistence of Tsarist Diplomacy after the Russian Revolution       201

Anatol Shmelev
Foreign Minister Redux: Sergei Dmitrievich Sazonov and White Diplomacy in Paris, 1918–20       221

Dinah Jansen
Wilsonian Principles and the Defense of Russian Territory at Versailles, 1919     255

Charlotte Alston
International Intervention in Russia’s Civil War: Policies, Experiences, and Justifications     273

Shūsuke Takahara
Woodrow Wilson’s Intervention in North Russia and Siberia     301

Oleksa Drachewych
The Bolsheviks’ Revolutionary International: The Idea and Establishment of the Communist International, 1914–22      317

Daniel C. Waugh
Britain Confronts the Bolsheviks in Central Asia: Great Game Myths and Local Realities     341

Taline Ter-Minassian
From the Transcaspian to the Caucasus: Reginald Teague Jones’s Secret War (1918–21)     359

Yulia Yurievna Khmelevskaya
“A la Guerre Comme à la Guerre”:
America’s Battle with Hunger in Soviet Russia (1921–23)      377

Anthony J. Heywood
Russian and Soviet Foreign Trade, 1914–28:
Rethinking the Initial Impact of the Bolshevik Revolution     395

Contributors to This Issue    415

Series Information

Series: Russia’s Great War and Revolution
Editors: Anthony Heywood, David MacLaren McDonald, John W. Steinberg
DOI: 10.52500/RMBM3333