Volume 8: Russian International Relations in War and Revolution, 1914–22. Book 1: Origins and War, 1914–16

David Schimmelpenninck van der Oye et al. (eds.)
xxi + 450

Historians devote a great deal of attention to the diplomacy that led Russia into the Great War, but have tended to neglect the course of this diplomacy once the fighting erupted. This volume addresses that lacuna with a broad range of essays examining the foreign relations of the empire, as well as its republican and early Soviet successors, from the July 1914 Crisis to the end of the Civil War in 1922.

Written by distinguished and emerging scholars from North America, Europe, Russia, and Japan, the essays make abundant use of Russian archival collections, largely inaccessible until the 1990s, to reassess the conjectures and conclusions previously drawn from other sources. While some chapters focus on traditional “diplomatic” history, others adopt new “international history” by placing Russia’s relations with the world in their social, intellectual, economic, and cultural contexts.

Arranged in roughly chronological order, the first volume covers the late imperial period, from 1914 through mid-1916, while the second proceeds through the revolutions of 1917 and the Civil War, up to the end of that conflict in 1922. Together, these books’ comments should foster a renewed appreciation for international relations as a central element of Russia’s Great War and Revolution.


List of Illustrations     x

From the Series Editors     xiii

Acknowledgements     xxi

David MacLaren McDonald
Introduction       1

David Schimmelpenninck van der Oye
The Historiography of Russian International Relations during the Great War and Revolution       9

Dominic Lieven
Russia against Napoleon and Wilhelm: Explaining Success and Failure       23

Origins (1900-14)

David MacLaren McDonald
From Tsushima to the July Crisis     47

Marina Soroka
The Russian Foreign Ministry in War and Revolution       83

Irina Sergeevna Rybachenok
Russian Foreign Policy at the Turn of the 20th Century:
Goals, Challenges, and Methods       105

Elizabeth Greenhalgh
Managing a “Long-Distance” Coalition War:
France and Russia, 1914 to Early 1917       125

Keith Neilson
Anglo-Russian Relations in the First World War       147

Sean Gillen
“A Great Russia”: The State of a Free, Disciplined Nation,1904–14        171

War (1914-16)

David Schimmelpenninck van der Oye
From the Guns of August to Sazonov’s Fall      197

Jennifer Siegel
Foreign Finance and Russia’s War Effort      219

Ronald P. Bobroff
The Question of the Turkish Straits during World War I     241

T. G. Otte
The Waning of the Monarchies: War, Revolution, and Royal Diplomacy     265

Evgenii Iur ́evich Sergeev
Russian Military Intelligence in the Coalition War, 1914–18      299

Kirill Andreevich Solov ́ev
The State Duma and Russian Foreign Policy in the Great War     317

Alexander Polunov
The Russian Orthodox Church in Years of War: International Activity and Plans for Postwar Reconstruction     333

Aleksandr Vladimirovich Golubev and Ol ́ga Sergeevna Porshneva
The Image of the Ally in Russian Public Consciousness in the Context of World War I     353

Tatiana Filippova
Pickelhaube and Fez: The German and the Turk in Russian Satirical Journals during the Great War     375

Alexandre Sumpf
Defining Enemy Atrocities:

Krivtsov’s Extraordinary Commission     395

Wim Coudenys
High Politics in a Small Country:

Military Relations in War and Revolution     417

Contributors to This Issue    445

Series Information

Series: Russia’s Great War and Revolution
Editors: Anthony Heywood, David MacLaren McDonald, John W. Steinberg
DOI: 10.52500/RMBM3333