Volume 7: The Central Powers in Russia's Great War and Revolution: Enemy Visions and Encounters, 1914-22

John Deak, et al. (eds.)
xix + 352

This volume brings together the work of researchers in North America, Central and Eastern Europe, and Turkey, who are generating important, archivally based scholarship in their respective fields, languages, and nations of study. The larger goal of this volume is to sit in conversation with the others in this series that directly deal with Russia and its Great War and Revolution. Therefore, the volume provides an entry point for scholars who need a quick assessment of recent historiographic perspectives from the “other side of the hill.”

The aim is to introduce readers to the myriad ways that the populations of the Central Powers nations both perceived and encountered Russia’s Great War and Revolution. The volume has been organized around four key areas in order to give the reader a glimpse into new lines of research on the war experience of the Central Powers. The first section looks at the ways in which Russia appeared in the eyes of others. The Central Powers went to war against Russia with their own preconceived notions. How those notions changed when put in the pressure cooker of violence, invasion, and occupation forms a crucial point for understanding Russia in the imagination of the people and elites in Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. The war also brought peoples into direct contact. The second section examines the variety of borderland encounters: positive, negative, and ambiguous. Ethnic violence and atrocity is certainly one aspect of those encounters which needs telling. But the war also opened up new spaces for economic exploitation and fraternization that colored and shaped the experiences of the soldiers and civilians. Section 3 focuses on the big-picture mechanics of strategy and policy. Armies in this new era of warfare increasingly functioned as administrators—of occupation regimes, veteran programs, and as quartermasters of the entire war economy.
The chapters here explore the facets of military policy toward the end of the formal fighting in the war. And finally, the fourth section speaks to the transformation of the war in the East and its legacy for the continuum of violence that succeeded formal hostilities.


From the Series Editors     ix

Acknowledgments     xvii

John Deak, Heather R. Perry, and Emre Sencer
Introduction: Russia’s Great War and Revolution,
the Central Powers        1

Russia in the Central Powers’ Imaginary

Stephan Lehnstaedt
Pride and Prejudice: The Central Powers’ Images of
Poles and Jews, 1915–18        19

Troy R. E. Paddock
The Threat from the East        41

Alexander Will
Beating Russia in the Periphery:
Austria-Hungary in the Middle East, 1914–18        65

Yiğit Akın
“The Greatest Enemy of the Ottomans and Muslims”:
The Russians in Ottoman Propaganda during the First World War      89

Elke Hartmann
Dashed Hopes: Perspectives of
Ottoman-Armenian Elites on Russia        111

Borderland Encounters

Jesse Kauffman
Nationalism, Imperialism, and Occupation in the
Shatterzone of Empires: Russia’s Western Frontier, 1905–18        135

Christian Westerhoff
New Forms of Recruitment? German Labor Policy in
the Occupied Territories of the Russian Empire, 1917–18        157

Candan Badem
Rethinking Russian Influence: Religious and Ethnic
Violence in the Southwest Caucasus in World War I        179

Yücel Yanıkdağ
Flirting with the Enemy: Ottoman Prisoners of War and
Russian Women during the Great War        201

The Eastern Front in Central Power Strategy and Policy

David Hamlin
Wilsonian Principles and the Defense of Russian Territory at Versailles, 1919     233

Peter Lieb
German Politics in the East between Brest-Litovsk and Versailles      259

Robert L. Nelson and Justin Fantauzzo
Soldiers as Settlers in East Central Europe during and
in the Wake of the Great War      281

Post-Revolution and the Legacies of WWI

Verena Moritz and Hannes Leidinger
The Influence of the Russian Revolutions on the
POWs in Austria-Hungary and Russia      303

Wolfram Dornik
Between Military Pragmatism and Colonial Fantasies:
Intervention and Occupation in Eastern Europe, 1914–19      333

Contributors to This Issue    351

Series Information

Series: Russia’s Great War and Revolution
Editors: Anthony Heywood, David MacLaren McDonald, John W. Steinberg
DOI: 10.52500/RMBM3333