Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History

1 Year Kritika Print Subscription 2023



A leading journal of Russian and Eurasian history, Kritika is dedicated to internationalizing the field and making it relevant to a broad interdisciplinary audience. The journal regularly publishes forums, discussions, and special issues; it regularly translates important works by Russian and European scholars into English; and it publishes in every issue in-depth, lengthy review articles, review essays, and reviews of Russian, Eurasian, and European works that are rarely, if ever, reviewed in North American Russian studies journals.


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Indexing and Abstracting

American Bibliography of Slavic and East European Studies, Arts and Humanities Citation Index, Current Contents/Arts and Humanities, Historical Abstracts, ISI Alerting Service, International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature on the Humanities and Social Sciences, International Bibliography of Periodical Literature on the Humanities and Social Sciences, Modern Language Association, Wilson Humanities Full Text, Wilson OmniFile Full Text


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Victoria Frede
Andrew Jenks
William Sunderland

From the Editors

The Call of the Vozhd ́      1


Dmitrii Liseitsev
Reconstructing the Late 16th- and 17th-Century Muscovite State Budget     5

Maria Mayofis
The Thaw and the Idea of National Gemeinschaft

The All-Russian Choral Society      27

Alexey Golubev

Time in 1:72 Scale

Plastic Historicity of Soviet Models      69

Chris Miller
Gorbachev’s Agriculture Agenda

Decollectivization and the Politics of Perestroika      95

Review Forum: The Great Dictator Revisited

Michael David-Fox
The Leader and the System      119

Jörg Baberowski

Master of Power

Stalin and the Evolution of the Soviet System of Terror      131

Review Forum: Imperial Russia in the World

Martin Aust
New Perspectives on Russian History in World History      139

Alessandro Stanziani
Russian Economic Growth in Global Perspective      151

Review Essays

Stephen M. Norris
A Biographical Turn?      163

Alexander V. Reznik
Lev Trotskii as the Mirror of the Russian Revolution      181


Alexander M. Martin
Constructing Identity in Pushkin’s Russia      193

Elena I. Campbell
Foreign Faiths, Toleration, and Religious Freedom in the Russian Empire     205

Galina Ulianova
Private Lives and Public Spaces in Imperial Russia      215

Artemy M. Kalinovsky
Nationalism, Triumphalism, and the Final Months of the Soviet Union      228

Contributors to This Issue      233

Victoria Frede
Andrew Jenks
Paul W. Werth

From the Editors

Memorials, Memorials: Closing in on the 1917 Centenary     729

State of the Field: 1917 on the Eve of the Centenary

S. A. Smith
The Historiography of the Russian Revolution 100 Years On     733

Boris i. Kolonitskii
On Studying the 1917 Revolution: Autobiographical Confessions and Historiographical Predictions     751

Liudmila Novikova
The Russian Revolution from a Provincial Perspective     769


Donald J. Raleigh
The Russian Revolution after All These 100 Years     787


Lars T. Lih
Letter from Afar, Corrections from Up Close: The Bolshevik Consensus of 1917     799

Susanne Schattenberg
Trust, Care, and Familiarity in the Politburo: Brezhnev’s Scenarios of Power     835

Forum: Does Economic History Matter?

George Grantham
Economic History in a Russian Manner: The Gaidar Variations     859


Richard Ericson
Economic History, Economic Theory, and Soviet Institutions     891

History and Historians

Leonid Gorizontov
Anatolii Remnev and the Regions of the Russian Empire     901

Review Forum: Eurasian Borderlands and Empires—A Grand View

Brian P. Farrell
The Wide-Angle Lens? The Centrality of Russia in the Histories of Eurasia, Empires, and Borderlands     917

Peter C. Perdue
Geopolitics and Its Discontents     925

Huri Islamoglu
Is Eurasian State Building Reducible to Cultural Politics?     935

John P. Ledonne
Definitions, Methodology, and Arguments     943

Alfred J. Rieber
Response     951

Review Essay

Oleg Khlevniuk
No Total Totality: Forced Labor, Stalinism, and De-Stalinization     961

Theodore R. Weeks
Higher Education for Imperial Russian Jews     975

Lynn Ellen Patyk
Ambivalent reflections—Obshchestvo in the Time of Terrorism     980

Daniel Leese
Identity Discourses and the Sino-Soviet Split     988

Stephen M. Norris
Soviet Sound     997

Katherine Zubovich
Housing and Meaning in Soviet and Post-Soviet Russia     1003

In Memoriam

Simon Dixon
Isabel de Madariaga (1919–2014)     1013

Contributors to This Issue 1020

Victoria Frede
Andrew Jenks
Paul W. Werth

Special Issue: The Soviet Gulag New Research and New Interpretations

From the Editors

What Was the Gulag?     469


Aglaya K. Glebova
Picturing the Gulag     476


Oleg Khlevniuk
The Gulag and the Non-Gulag as One Interrelated Whole     479

Golfo Alexopoulos
Destructive-Labor Camps: Rethinking Solzhenitsyn’s Play on Words     499

Dan Healey
Lives in the Balance: Weak and Disabled Prisoners and the Biopolitics of the Gulag     527

Asif Siddiqi
Science in the Gulag: State and Terror in Stalin’s Sharashka     557

Emilia Koustova
(Un)Returned from the Gulag Life Trajectories and Integration of Postwar Special Settlers     589

Daniel Beer
Penal Deportation to Siberia and the Limits of State Power, 1801–81     621

Aidan Forth
Britain’s Archipelago of Camps: Labor and Detention in a Liberal Empire, 1871–1903     651

Judith Pallot
The Gulag as the Crucible of Russia’s 21st-Century System of Punishment     681


David R. Shearer
The Soviet Gulag—an Archipelago?     709


Shoshana Keller
To the Editors     725

Contributors to This Issue     727

Victoria Frede
Andrew Jenks
Paul W. Werth

From the Editors
A New Chill? Foreign Scholars and the Russian Visa Question     229

Erratum     234

William Pomeranz
The Practice of Law and the Promise of Rule of Law: The Advokatura and the Civil Process in Tsarist Russia     235

Mayhill C. Fowler
Mikhail Bulgakov, Mykola Kulish, and Soviet Theater: How Internal Transnationalism Remade Center and Periphery     263

Forum: Forces for Change in Early Modern Russia
Paul Bushkovitch
Change and Culture in Early Modern Russia     291

Nancy S. Kollmann
A Deeper Early Modern: A Response to Paul Bushkovitch     317

Forum: What’s So Central about Central Asia?
Uyama Tomohiko
The Contribution of Central Eurasian Studies to Russian and (Post-)Soviet Studies and Beyond: Achievements, Possibilities, and Concerns     331

Gulmira Sultangalieva
The Place of Kazakhstan in the Study of Central Asia     345

Sergey Abashin
Soviet Central Asia on the Periphery     359

Jeff Sahadeo
Home and Away: Why the Asian Periphery Matters in Russian History      375

David Schimmelpenninck van der Oye
On the Edge? Central Asia’s Place in the Field     389

Review Essay
Anatoly Pinsky
Soviet Modernity Post-Stalin: The State, Emotions, and Subjectivities     395

Ekaterina Boltunova
The Russian Officer Corps and Military Efficiency, 1800–1914     413

Olga Haldey
The Melodrama of City Life in Early 20th-Century Russia     423

Faith Hillis
Warsaw Jews and the 1905 Revolution     429

Alexis Peri
Survival and Subversion during the Great Patriotic War     437

Ingrid Kleespies
Tourism Soviet-Style     444

Thomas M. Bohn
Soviet History as a History of Urbanization     451

In Memoriam
Brian J. Boeck
Edward L. Keenan (1935–2015)     459

Contributors to This Issue     467

Victoria Frede
Andrew Jenks
Paul W. Werth

From the Editors
The Ukrainian Crisis and History     1

Mikhail A. Kiselev
State Metallurgy Factories and Direct Taxes in the Urals, 1700–50
Paths to State Building in Early Modern Russia     7

Michael Denner
Resistance Is Futile, but Nonresistance Might Work
The East and Russia in Tolstoi’s Political Imagination, 1905–10     37

Danielle Ross
Caught in the Middle
Reform and Youth Rebellion in Russia’s Madrasas, 1900–10     57

Johanna Conterio
Inventing the Subtropics
An Environmental History of Sochi, 1929–36     91

Forum: The Ukrainian Crisis, Past and Present
Faith Hillis
Intimacy and Antipathy
Ukrainian–Russian Relations in Historical Perspective     121

John-Paul Himka
The History behind the Regional Conflict in Ukraine     129

William Jay Risch
What the Far Right Does Not Tell Us about the Maidan     137

Alexei Miller
The “Ukrainian Crisis” and Its Multiple Histories     145

Georgiy Kasianov
How a War for the Past Becomes a War in the Present     149

Review Essay
Randall A. Poole
Nineteenth-Century Russian Liberalism
Ideals and Realities     157

Ann M. Kleimola
Medieval Visual Metaphors and Beasts Noble and Savage     183

Heather J. Coleman
Region and Nation in Late Imperial Russian Ukraine     194

Jan Hennings
World Revolution and International Diplomacy, 1900–39     204

Arkadi Zeltser
Soviet Jews in Belorussia and Ukraine     211

Karsten Brüggemann
The Lithuanian Cultural Elite and the End of the Soviet Union     219

Contributors to This Issue     227