JSL Volume 27.2
Frank Y. Gladney
On the Morphosyntax of Russian Verbal Aspect 137
Phonological Words in the Syntax and in the Lexicon: A Study of Russian Prepositions 161
Bill J. Darden. Studies in phonological theory and historical linguistics. 213
Ronald F. Feldstein
Jay H. Jasanoff. The prehistory of the Balto-Slavic accent. 221
Ekaterina A. Lyutikova. Struktura imennoj gruppy v bezartiklevom jazyke. 227
Frank Y. Gladney
Aspect is a syntactic feature of the sentence predicate, the Infl head of which is generated +Pfv or –Pfv and +Past or –Past. Verb forms comply with these features or are Inflected for them. Prefix-verb compounds are not stored in the lexicon but are base-generated in the sentence. They provide the environment for the Secondary Imperfective Rule, which assigns the feature +Iter to V when it contains a prefix. This feature governs the introduction of themes between the verb root and the ending. The +Iter feature can also be generated with the verb independently of the SIR, thus yield-ing the so-called procedurals. With unprefixed verbs aspectual patterning is a matter of their form (thematization) and their meaning. Those that are grammatical in +Pfvpredicates are +Telic (have a telos or goal). This depends on their formal and semantic properties and ultimately on the intention of the speaker.
Abstract: Phonological words play a crucial role in phonology, but where exactly they are produced in syntax is not clear. I propose a theory whereby the syntax issues pho-nological word diacritics to the complex constituents it creates. Additionally, certain morphemes can be specified in the lexicon as possessing these diacritics. The pho-nology then interprets the diacritics—sometimes it ignores them, and other times it makes phonological words to satisfy language-specific prosodic requirements. The re-sulting theory is demonstrated on the complex patterning of prepositions in Russian. The class of prepositions in Russian has certain syntactic traits in common, but there are many patterns where prepositions diverge according to their phonological word status. There are correlations between morphosyntactic structure and phonological word status: morphologically complex prepositions are always words. On the other hand, the presence of a morphological root, phonological size, and stress do not align with word status. The large range of phonological and morphosyntactic patterns in-volving prepositions in Russian demonstrates the need for an explicit and rich theory of word formation at the phonology-syntax interface..