Couched in the recent Minimalist theory of syntax, A Syntax of Serbian: Clausal Architecture builds a skeleton of functional projections for Serbian, arguing that their inventory is limited to morphologically manifested categories in Serbian—Polarity, Aspect, Agreement, and Tense—each of which can project two layers: a subject layer and an object layer. It is in this functional skeleton that the central syntactic phenomena of Serbian find their place and explanation. The result is an in-depth study of Serbian syntax on the cutting edge of recent theoretical developments. To take just one example, in an innovative analysis, Progovac argues for the existence of an event pronominal in Serbian, the particle to, proposing three basic functions shared by personal pronouns: deixis, anaphora, and bound variable. In its deictic use, it introduces a clause, parallel to demonstratives. In its anaphoric use, it refers to a previously mentioned event. In its bound-variable use, it is argued to be the spell-out of the bound event pronominal, which constitutes a syntactic reflex of the semantic analysis of adverbials as predicates of events. This analysis brings together abstract theory and a hitherto unanalyzed particle in Serbian, providing striking support for the theory and an explanation for the mysterious particle. This same pronominal also provides vital tests and insights into other phenomena in the syntax of Serbian, especially clitic placement, underscoring the need to analyze syntactic phenomena within the entire system of grammar, rather than in isolation. The book also offers a novel exploration of second-position clitics, building upon previously competing analyses from various frameworks in fields as disparate as phonology and syntax. Progovac identities the verb as the common factor uniting the distinct types of clitics, pronominal and auxiliary, which brings them into their fronted position. This analysis both benefits from and then sharpens the new theoretical proposals. This book is indispensable not only for specialists in Slavic languages, but also for linguists interested in cutting-edge developments in mainstream syntactic theory, as well as detailed analysis of important cross-linguistic phenomena in a language studied by all too few scholars.
Contributions to the Study of Linguistics and Languages in Honor of Bill J. Darden on the Occasion of His Sixty-Sixth Birthday.
"Howard Aronson tells a story from the days when Bill Darden was a graduate student at the University of Chicago. When Howie taught Bill in his Introduction to Slavic Linguistics, a course in which Howie masterfully guided beginning graduate students using the Socratic method, he always became nervous whenever Bill raised his hand.This was because Bill invariably had a question that went straight to the weak point of any argument. This phenomenon has become known at Chicago as “The Bill Question,” and it is one that Bill can and does ask at every linguistic talk, no matter what the subject matter or theoretical orientation. Unlike the Eastern Question or the Macedonian Question, the Bill Question is one that seeks to understand the empirical and theoretical explanations of linguistic phenomena. It is a question utterly devoid of malice and thoroughly infused with the quest for knowledge. That is the kind of mentor, colleague and scholar Bill is."
-From the Preface by Victor A. Friedman
The language of tombstones tells the story of Czech immigrants in Texas, from its beginnings in the social and economic upheavals of 19th- and early 20th-century Bohemia and Moravia to its end in the era of opportunity and mobility that followed World War II. The linguistic and material data of tombstones is interwoven with records of the Texas Czech community as well as with historical accounts of life in the homeland. Rich in primary sources, many of them unpublished or unavailable in English, meticulously researched, and sweeping in its scope, Stones on the Prairie is a valuable resource for sociolinguists, scholars in the field of immigration studies, and all those interested in the history of Texas and its Czech heritage.
The Čakavian dialects are known for their complex prosodic systems and have long been recognized as an important source of information for the historical reconstruction of Common Slavic accentuation. The study of the interactions of tone, quantity, and stress in the phonology and morphology of these dialects can also shed light on the evolution and behavior of pitch accent systems in general. However, previous scholarship has consisted almost exclusively of descriptions of individual dialects; while these studies typically provide accentual information, these data are often not systematically analyzed or even organized in an accessible manner. This book offers the first comprehensive treatment of the accentual systems of the Čakavian dialect group as a whole, drawing on data from published descriptions, unpublished materials from the Croatian Dialect Atlas project, and from fieldwork conducted by the author. The analysis, in the framework of autosegmental phonology, is grounded on acoustic phonetic data. In addition to examining phonologically conditioned alternations of stress, quantity, and pitch, this book also considers the role of prosodic features in the morphology of these dialects, providing a thorough analysis of the alternations of accent and quantity that occur in the inflection of nouns, adjectives, and verbs.
A practical reference guide to the sounds, internal structure, and grammatical forms ofRussian inflected words, intended for both advanced students of the language and for prospective teachers of it. Alongside explicit structural descriptions of Russian inflectional categories, types, subtypes, and irregularities, reference is made to most words with regard to which questions concerning stress or inflection are apt to arise. Special attention is paid to the phonetics of grammatical endings, information regarding which is often found only in more specialized words.
For additional materials, visit the author's website at: http://lektorek.org