Language Planning in Yugoslavia

Edited by Ranko Bugarski and Celia Hawkesworth


Notes on the Contributors     5

Introduction     7

I Language Situation and General Policy

Ranko Bugarski

Language in Yugoslavia: Situation, Policy, Planning     9

Dubravko Shkiljan

Standard Languages in Yugoslavia     27

August Kovacec

Languages of National Minorities and Ethnic Groups in Yugoslavia     43

Melanie Mikes

Languages of National Minorities in Vojvodina     59

Dalibor Brozovic

The Yugoslav Model of Language Planning: A Confrontation with Other Multilingual Models     72

 II Planning of Individual Languages

Kenneth E. Naylor

The Sociolinguistic Situation in Yugoslavia, with Special Emphasis on Serbo-Croatian     80

Milorad Radovanovic

Standard Serbo-Croatian and the Theory of Language Planning     93

Pavle Ivic

Language Planning in Serbia Today     101

 Jozhe Toporisic

The Status of Slovene in Yugoslavia     111

Olga Misheska Tomic

Standard, Dialect, and Register in Macedonian     117

Isa Zymberi

Albanian in Yugoslavia     130

Darko Tanaskovic

The Planning of Turkish as a Minority Language in Yugoslavia     140

III Aspects of Change and Variation

Peter Herrity

The Problematic Nature of the Standardization of the Serbo-Croatian Literary Language in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century     162

George Thomas

Lexical Purism as an Aspect of Language Cultivation in Yugoslavia     176

Thomas F. Magner

Urban Vernaculars and the Standard Language in Yugoslavia189

Dunja Jutronic-Tihomirovic

Standard Language and Dialects in Contact     200

Damir Kalogjera

Attitudes to Dialects in Language Planning     212

Appendix I

Sven Gustavsson

Between East, West and South Slavic: Rusyn Language Planning     223

Appendix II

Map of Yugoslavia     226

List of Tables and Figures     227

Index     228


"...excellent volume... (MLJ)


"A well-rounded picture of the language situation in former Yugoslavia, based on first-hand accounts from various viewpoints, emerges.


“...LPY will remain an important source for those who wish to understand fully the causes of the dissolution of Yugoslavia as well as for sociolinguists concerned more broadly with the complex and often insuperable problems of multilingual states." (SEEJ)


"...will remain an important linguistic as well as historical document. ...a valuable reference... (CSP)