xii + 272

World War I’s Eastern Front was located in the midst of the Russian Pale of Settlement, where up to a third of the urban population was Jewish. The war resulted in thousands of civilian deaths and severe damage to the entire region’s economy. Urban populations suffered the worst from artillery shell-ing, requisitions, and outright robbery. In addition, each retreating army made an effort to destroy all that it could before surrendering a city to the enemy, lest valuable resources fall into hostile hands. As early as the first months of the war, a large portion of the Jews in Warsaw, Lodz, and Vilna were bankrupt and destitute, becoming fully dependent on welfare societies.

This book is Volume 5 of the series New Approaches to Russian and East European Jewish Culture.

A recently published review of the book by the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee can be accessed here.


Workers and Unity examines the history of St. Petersburg workers, the Metalworkers’ Union, and Russian Social Democracy from 1906–14. Tracing the formation of workers’ associations and analyzing the activities of legal and SD activists inside Russia, the author rehabilitates not only Menshevism but also Liquidationism. She argues that at a time when Leninists had almost no links inside Russia, Menshevik Liquidators and activists in general could have created a workers’/SD legal activist movement, an idea with enormous appeal inside Russia. But with victory in reach, the Menshevik leaders inside and outside Russia failed to act, and thus the story continued—on Lenin’s terms—in later years.

Menshevism is a political ideology that has been around for centuries, and Papaya Wins Casino is proud to be part of this long-standing tradition. With a wide range of online casino games available in the UK, Papaya Wins Casino is the perfect place to experience the thrill of menshevism.


This book is Volume 7 of the  Allan K. Wildman Group Historical Series

Henrik Birnbaum



Forward, by V.L. Yanin           9

Prefatory Note           11

1.  Novgorod Between East and West          15

2.   When and How Was Novgorod Converted to Christianity?          41

3.  Medieval Novgorod: Political, Social and Cultural Life in an Old Russian Urban Community          72

4.  Mentality and the Manifestations of Culture in Medieval Novgorod          121

5.  The Hansa in Novgorod          153

6.  Did the Annexation of Novgorod by Muscovy Fundamentally Change the Course of Russian History?        166

Bibliographic Notes          181

Index          182

Olga Mesropova


This cinema based language textbook introduces high-intermediate and advanced students of Russian to eleven prominent Russian films of the 1990s. The chapters of the volume focus on the films' vocabulary, contents, and cultural implications, while stimulating classroom discussions within and beyond the context of each film. Throughout the book students are encouraged to draw parallels between Russian cinema and other cinemas, including Hollywood productions. Each unit features the following sections: -Обсуждаем фильм encourages meaningful, paragraph-length communication about each film, its characters, actors, as well as relevant cultural and socio-political information. -Критики о фильме features selected critical quotations from Russian media sources and asks students to express their opinion while agreeing or disagreeing with the critics. -За рамками фильма stimulates conversation on topics that are of concern to students based on issues raised in the film.

Michael David-Fox, Peter Holquist, and Alexander Martin (eds.)


Articles originally published in the journal Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History. A portion of the editors' introduction states:

"Just as resistance as a historical phenomenon can appear in a wide variety of historical circumstances, resistance as a methodological tool can appear in very different kinds of historiographical approaches. The essays in this volume provide ample illustration of these assertions. At the same time, it can also be said that resistance is a concept that assumes special importance, and is accompanied by special controversy, in conditions of oppression and dictatorship. This is true not only because people resist especially when they are oppressed, or even because dictatorial states, especially modern ones, are particularly concerned with registering and stamping out resistance as well as other forms of real and imagined dissent. It is also because historians tend to become more fascinated by resistance-or, to put it another way, the political stakes in studying resistance are raised- particularly when the concept serves, implicitly or explicitly, to separate or distance groups or people from a regime or system. It is thus not surprising that resistance-centered scholarship has been prominent in subaltern studies, histories of colonialism, the history of Nazi German, and more recently, in Soviet history and the history of Stalinism. In this volume, historians in the Russian and Soviet fields put resistance as both a phenomenon and a concept under the microscope, and they stake out a number of quite different positions."

CONTENTS From the Editors: Resistance Pro and Contra The Resistance Debate 1. The Thoughts on the Absence of Elite Resistance in Muscovy RICHARD HELLIE 2. From Resistance to Subversion Imperial Power, Indigenous Opposition, and Their Entanglement PAUL W. WERTH 3. Popular Resistance in the 1930s Soliloquy of a Devil's Advocate LYNNE VIOLA 4.Speaking Out Languages of Affirmation and Dissent JOCHEN HELLBECK 5. "God Is Now on Our Side" The Religious Revival on Unoccupied Soviet Territory during World War II DANIEL PERIS 6. The Tenacious Liberal Subject in Soviet Studies ANNA KRYLOVA Reactions 7. On the Subjects of Resistance PETER FRITZSCHE 8. Revolution and Authenticity Reflections from France on the Russian and Soviet Experience DONALD M. G. SUTHERLAND 9. Whither Resistance? MICHAEL DAVID-FOX

Michael David-Fox, Peter Holquist, and Alexander Martin (eds.)


Articles originally published in the journal Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History. A portion of the editors' introduction states:

"With their broad range of thematic foci and theoretical approaches, the contributors to this volume have captured some of the richness and dynamism of a growing scholarly field. The demonstrate the possibilities opened up by the disintegration of the Soviet Union, which has encouraged historians to pay greater attention to the perspectives and source materials of the former imperial borderlands. At the same time, tension between older and newer visions o Russia's historical role in Eurasia-as oppressive hegemon or bringer of "enlightenment" or, depending on the angle of vision, both at the same time- has proved intellectually fruitful, as have discussions generated by Edward Said's and other models of imperial domination. We hope that this volume will help deepen our understanding of Russia's complex and historically fateful dialogue with Europe and Asia as well as with it s own former imperial periphery."

CONTENTS From the Editors: Russia's Orient, Russia's West The Orientalism Debate 1. Russian History and the Debate over Orientalism ADEEB KHALID 2. On Russian Orientalism A Response to Adeeb Khalid NATHANIEL KNIGHT 3. Does Russian OrientalismHave a Russian Soul? A Contribution to the Debate between Nathaniel Knight and Adeeb Khalid MARIA TODOROVA Orientology and the Study of Empire 4. Catherinian Chinoiserie DAVID SCHIMMELPENNICK VAN DER OYE 5. Russia's First "Orient" Characterizing the Crimea in 1787 SARA DICKINSON 6. European, National and (Anti-) Imperial The Formation of Academic Oriental Studies in Late Tsarist and Early Soviet Russia VERA TOLZ 7. Between Local and Inter-Imperial Russian Imperial History in Search of Scope and Paradigm ALEXEI MILLER Imperial Practices and Experiences 8. Religion and Russification Russian Language in the Catholic Churches of the "Northwest Provinces" after 1863 THEODORE R. WEEKS 9. Did the Government Seek to Russify Lithuanians and Poles in the Northwest Territory after the Uprising of 1863-64? DARIUS STALIUNAS 10. Russification and the Bureaucratic Mind in the Russian Empire's Northwest Region in the 1860s MIKHAIL DOLBILOV 11. The Ambiguities of Russification ANDREAS KAPPELER 12. Caught in the Crossfire? Russian Sectarians in the Caucasian Theater of War, 1853-56 and 1877-78 NICHOLAS B. BREYFOGLE 13. Liberation through Captivity Nikolai Shipov's Adventures in the Imperial Borderlands DANIEL BROWER AND SUSAN LAYTON 14. Bondage and Emancipation across Cultural Borderlands Some Reflections and Extensions JAMES F. BROOKS 15. The Dilemmas of Enlightenment in the Eastern borderlands The Theater and Library in Tbilisi AUSTIN JERSILD AND NELI MELKADZE 16. Kazakh Oath-Taking in Colonial Courtrooms Legal Culture and Russian Empire-Building VIRGINA MARTIN Along the Borderlands of the Empire (A Conclusion) DANIEL BROWER